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Oracle Global Temporary Tables
Version 11.1
 
General

Table Related Data Dictionary Objects
col$ tab$
 
also ALL & USER versions of these:
dba_col_comments
dba_tables
dba_tab_cols
dba_tab_comments
dba_tab_privs

Table Related System Privileges
alter any table flashback any table
create any table insert any table
comment any table lock any table
create table select any table
delete any table under any table
drop any table update any table

Types Of Tables

Table Type

Description

Heap Default Oracle table type
Clusters One or more tables in a single database block
External External files readable as tables
Index Organized Merger between a table and an index
Partitions Partition/Subpartitioned by hash, range, or list
XML XML Tables
 
Create Global Temporary Table
Global temporary tables have three major benefits:

1. Non-interference between private sets of data.

2. Ease of getting rid of 'scratch' data. In a heap table you either rollback, or delete it. But in a GTT, you can truncate explicitly, without affecting anyone else (or allow the implicit "truncate on commit / exit" effect to do
the same thing).

3. Decreased redo generation as, by definition, they are non-logging.

However:

Mixing temporary tables (GTTs) with permanent tables usually causes some grief to the CBO. It has no information
about the number of rows in the GTT, and therefore guesses (badly).

Even if you analyze table .. or dbms_stats.gather_table_stats() you don't get stats on the temporary table.

Set the init parameter
dynamic_sampling to at least 2 for GTTs to be sampled at run-time.

Note: All DDL includes two implicit commits so any rows in a GTT specified with ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS will empty the table.

Create Global Temporary Table That Empties On Commit
You can not specify a tablespace with global temporary tables. GTT's are built in the TEMP tablespace.

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE <table_name> (
<column_name>  <column_data_type>);

-- or explicitly specifying the ON COMMIT action


CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE <table_name> (
<column_name>  <column_data_type>,
<column_name>  <column_data_type>,
<column_name>  <column_data_type>)
ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS;
CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE gtt_zip1 (
zip_code   VARCHAR2(5),
by_user    VARCHAR2(30),
entry_date DATE);

-- or explicitly specifying the ON COMMIT action

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE gtt_zip2 (
zip_code     VARCHAR2(5),
by_user      VARCHAR2(30),
entry_date   DATE)
ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS;

set linesize 121

SELECT table_name, tablespace_name, temporary, duration
FROM user_tables;

INSERT INTO gtt_zip1
(zip_code, by_user, entry_date)
VALUES
('98000', USER, SYSDATE);

SELECT *
FROM gtt_zip1;

COMMIT;

SELECT *
FROM gtt_zip1;

-- statistics collection demo: obviously there is a problem
INSERT INTO gtt_zip1
(zip_code, by_user, entry_date)
VALUES
('98000', USER, SYSDATE);

exec dbms_stats.gather_table_stats(USER, 'GTT_ZIP1');

SELECT *
FROM gtt_zip1;

Create Global Temporary Table That Empties At End Of  Session
You can not specify a tablespace with global temporary tables. GTT's are built in the TEMP tablespace.

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE <table_name> (
<column_name>  <column_data_type>,
<column_name>  <column_data_type>,
<column_name>  <column_data_type>)
ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS;
CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE gtt_zip3 (
zip_code     VARCHAR2(5),
by_user      VARCHAR2(30),
entry_date   DATE)
ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS;


set linesize 121

SELECT table_name, tablespace_name, temporary, duration
FROM user_tables;

INSERT INTO gtt_zip3
(zip_code, by_user, entry_date)
VALUES
('98000', USER, SYSDATE);

SELECT *
FROM gtt_zip3;

COMMIT;

SELECT *
FROM gtt_zip3;

-- log on as a different user
-- log back on as original user


SELECT *
FROM gtt_zip3;

GTT Redo Generation Demo
create table reg_tab (
testcol VARCHAR2(100));

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE gtt_ocd (
testcol VARCHAR2(100))
ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS;

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE gtt_ocp (
testcol VARCHAR2(100))
ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS;

col value format 999999999999

-- get baseline redo value
SELECT value
FROM sys.v_$sysstat
WHERE name = 'redo size';

-- load 1000 rows into a heap table
BEGIN
  FOR i IN 1 .. 1000 LOOP
    INSERT INTO reg_tab
    (testcol)
    VALUES
    (RPAD('X', 99));
  END LOOP;
  COMMIT;
END;
/

-- record the redo generated
SELECT value
FROM sys.v_$sysstat
WHERE name = 'redo size';

-- load 1000 rows into a GTT with ON COMMIT DELETE ROWS
BEGIN
  FOR i IN 1 .. 1000 LOOP
    INSERT INTO gtt_ocd
    (testcol)
    VALUES
    (RPAD('X', 99));
  END LOOP;
  COMMIT;
END;
/

-- record the redo generated
SELECT value
FROM sys.v_$sysstat
WHERE name = 'redo size';

-- load 1000 rows into a GTT with ON COMMIT PRESERVE ROWS
BEGIN
  FOR i IN 1 .. 1000 LOOP
    INSERT INTO gtt_ocp
    (testcol)
    VALUES
    (RPAD('X', 99));
  END LOOP;
  COMMIT;
END;
/

-- record the redo generated
SELECT value
FROM sys.v_$sysstat
WHERE name = 'redo size';
 
-- Results
Description Value Redo Generated

Baseline

254269080

-

Regular Table Run 254605916 336836
On Commit Delete 254742528 136612
On Commit Preserve 254879140 136612
 
Commenting
Comment a table COMMENT ON TABLE <table_name> IS '<comment>';
COMMENT ON TABLE gtt_zip1 IS 'US Postal Service Zip Codes';

SELECT table_name, comments
FROM user_tab_comments
WHERE comments IS NOT NULL;
Comment a column COMMENT ON COLUMN <table_name.column_name> IS '<comment>';
COMMENT ON COLUMN gtt_zip1.zip_code IS '5 Digit Zip Code';

SELECT table_name, column_name, comments
FROM user_col_comments
WHERE comments IS NOT NULL;
 
Alter Table Column Clauses
Add a new column ALTER TABLE <table_name>
MODIFY (<field_name data_type>);
desc gtt_zip1

ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1 ADD (map_id NUMBER(10));

desc gtt_zip1
Add More Than One New Column ALTER TABLE <table_name>
MODIFY (<field_name data_type>, <field_name data type>);
ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1 ADD (map_coor VARCHAR2(10), map_ver VARCHAR2(3));

desc gtt_zip1
Rename A Column ALTER TABLE <table_name>
RENAME COLUMN <current_name> TO <new_name>;
ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1 RENAME COLUMN map_coor TO map_coord;

desc gtt_zip1
Drop A Column ALTER TABLE <table_name>
DROP COLUMN <column_name>;
ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1 DROP COLUMN map_coord;

desc gtt_zip1
Alter Table Change Data Type ALTER TABLE <table_name>
MODIFY (<column_name new_data_type);
desc gtt_zip1

ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1 MODIFY (zip_code VARCHAR2(6));

desc gtt_zip1
Alter Table Change Data Type Multiple Fields ALTER TABLE <table_name>
MODIFY (<column_name> <data_type>,
        <column_name> <data_type>);
desc gtt_zip1

ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1
MODIFY
(zip_code VARCHAR2(7), entry_Date TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE);

desc gtt_zip1
 
Drop Table
Drop Table Into Recycle Bin DROP TABLE <table_name>;
DROP TABLE gtt_zip1;
 
Foreign Key Constraints

GTT and Foreign Key
CREATE TABLE ptemp (
pid      NUMBER(5),
zip_code VARCHAR2(5));

ALTER TABLE ptemp
ADD CONSTRAINT pk_ptemp_pid
PRIMARY KEY (pid);

CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE gtt_zip1 (
zip_code   VARCHAR2(5),
by_user     VARCHAR2(30),
entry_date  DATE);

ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1
ADD CONSTRAINT pk_gtt_zip1
PRIMARY KEY (zip_code);

ALTER TABLE ptemp
ADD CONSTRAINT fk_ptemp_gtt
FOREIGN KEY (zip_code)
REFERENCING gtt_zip1 (zip_code);

ALTER TABLE gtt_zip1
ADD CONSTRAINT fk_gtt_ptemp
FOREIGN KEY (zip_code)
REFERENCING ptemp (zip_code);
 
Indexes

Index Creation
DROP TABLE <table_name> CASCADE CONSTRAINTS;
CREATE GLOBAL TEMPORARY TABLE gtt_zip1 (
zip_code   VARCHAR2(5),
by_user     VARCHAR2(30),
entry_date  DATE);

desc gtt_zip1

CREATE INDEX ix_gtt_zip1_user
ON gtt_zip1(by_user);

SELECT table_name, index_name, tablespace_name
FROM user_indexes;

-- indexes are stored in temp
 
Related Topics
Table Constraints
Data Types & Subtypes
External Tables
Heap Tables
Indexes
IOT (Index Organized Tables)
Nested Tables
Partitioned Tables
Truncate
XMLType Tables
 
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